There are several potential causes of head-on collisions, which are rare but are often devastating when they do occur. A head-on collision involves two or more vehicles crashing into each other when driving in opposite directions on the same roadway. Depending on the speed and the area of impact, head-on accidents can result in serious injury or wrongful deaths.
The Causes of Head-On Collisions
Head-on accidents may occur because of mistakes, including instances where a driver is driving on the wrong side of the road. Other causes can include brake failure or another malfunction, distracted driving, or drunk driving. If a driver encounters a vehicle driving on the wrong side of the road in his or her direction, it’s important to try to avoid the accident by driving away from the oncoming vehicle, even if this entails driving off the road.
In the event of a head-on collision, individuals who wish to recover compensation for any accident injuries or wrongful deaths resulting from the accident will need to be able to prove that the other driver practiced negligence or recklessness. Proving negligence will involve showing how the other driver’s negligent behavior caused the accident and subsequent damages through a breach of duty.
Drivers are expected to practice due care to keep other drivers safe and minimize the risk of causing an accident. A breach of duty in these cases might entail driving drunk or tired, as driving in these states can increase the chances of making mistakes and causing accidents, which could include driving on the wrong side of the road.
Generally, the common causes of head-on collisions include:
- Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs
- Drivers falling asleep behind the wheel
- Failure to follow road signage
- Illegal or improper passing
- Distracted drivers who drift into the oncoming lane
- Drivers veering out of their lane to avoid an accident
- Over-correcting shoulder drifts
Filing a Lawsuit Following Head-On Collisions
Proving who was at fault in a head-on collision can be difficult, particularly if both vehicles wind up in different positions following the accident that make it unclear which vehicle was on the wrong side of the road at the moment of impact. In these cases, professionals such as accident reconstruction specialists might be able to determine the circumstances of the accident based on the evidence present at the scene of the accident.
Regardless of why the accident occurred, it’s important to gather as much evidence as possible and consult with an accident attorney to determine the cause and seek compensation for injuries or wrongful death.